What is the meaning of Centesimus Annus?

What is the meaning of Centesimus Annus?

the hundredth year
Centesimus annus (Latin for “the hundredth year”) is an encyclical which was written by Pope John Paul II in 1991 on the hundredth anniversary of Rerum novarum, an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII in 1891.

What does Rerum novarum mean in English?

Its name, Rerum novarum, means « of new things » and the document was a response to the industrial revolution that had been taking place since the 18th century, and the emergence of liberal and subsequently Marxist economic theories.

What is the message of Rerum novarum?

It is an open letter, passed to all Catholic patriarchs, primates, archbishops and bishops, that addressed the condition of the working classes. It discusses the relationships and mutual duties between labor and capital, as well as government and its citizens.

What are the key points in Centesimus Annus?

It allows one to maintain oneself and one’s family and to contribute to the common good. Pope Leo XIII used this principle as a key argument against socialism, for private property of the means of production must be respected fully.

Why did Pope John Paul II wrote the encyclical Centesimus Annus?

Pope John Paul II wrote his 1991 encyclical Centesimus Annus to offer a Catholic vision of political and economic life after the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the democratization of many countries in Latin America and Asia.

How did Rerum Novarum change the church?

It placed the Church with the labouring man and the poor : it endorsed Catholic working class political activism. It stemmed ‘leakage’. It opened doors – at least slightly – to non- Catholic reformers. Men of goodwill might unite for the common good.

What has been one of the most important results of Rerum Novarum?

What has been one of the most important results of Rerum Novarum for the Church? Catholic social teaching became more concerned with global issues rather than just focusing on Western society, because more of the Church’s bishops were from poor, undeveloped countries.

What is the meaning of Evangelium Vitae?

The Gospel of Life
The encyclical entitled “Evangelium Vitae,” meaning “The Gospel of Life,” was promulgated on 25 March 1995 by Pope John Paul II in Rome, Italy. The document was written to reiterate the view of the Roman Catholic Church on the value of life and to warn against violating the sanctity of life.

What is the meaning of Laborem Exercens?

Through Work
Laborem exercens. Latin for ‘Through Work’

Why was Centesimus Annus written?

In 1991, on the centenary of the 1891 social encyclical by Pope Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum, Pope John Paul II (JPII) issued Centesimus Annus. This papal letter to the entire Church gave John Paul the opportunity to offer his reflections on capitalism in the period after the collapse of the Soviet Union.