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What factors are responsible for Naxalism?

What factors are responsible for Naxalism?

Mismanagement of Forests: It is one of the main reasons for the spread of Naxalism. It started with the British government. The monopolization of the forest started with the enactment of various forest laws. The integration with the wider world led to an influx of a new class like moneylenders.

What were the main causes and events that led to the uprising in Naxalbari in 1967?

The first clash occurred between the peasants and landlords when a share-cropper, Bigul Kisan, was beaten up by landlord gentries. Following this, peasant committees seized land, foodgrains and arms from the landlord gentries, leading to violent clashes.

What is Naxalism simple words?

Naxalite movement or Naxalism is an informal name given to communist groups. that were born out of the Sino-Soviet split in the communist movement in India. Ideologically, they belong to various trends of Maoism. Initially, the movement. had its centre in West Bengal.

What does Maoist want in India?

The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is a Maoist communist political party and militant organization in India which aims to overthrow the “semi-colonial and semi-feudal Indian state” through people’s war.

How do Naxalites get weapons?

The Naxalites also obtained weapons by bribing or coercing members of the security forces to sell or give their firearms and the ammunition along with their equipment.

Are Maoists and Naxalites the same?

The CPI (Maoist) are often referred to as the Naxalites, in reference to the Naxalbari insurrection conducted by radical Maoists in West Bengal since 1967. The party has been designated as a terrorist organisation in India under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act since 2009.

Who funds Naxals India?

The financial base of the Naxalites is diverse because the organisation finances itself from a series of sources. The mining industry is known to be a profitable financial source for the Naxalites, as they tend to tax about 3% of the profits from each mining company that operates in the areas under Naxal control.

Who supplied arms to Naxals?

A Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) constable serving in Pulwama since 2017 was among three people arrested by Jharkhand’s Anti-Terrorist Squad for allegedly supplying arms and ammunition to CPI (Maoist) cadre and other suspected criminals in the state.

How many Maoists are in India?

Naxalite–Maoist insurgency
CRPF: 80,000 10,000–20,000 members (2009–2010 estimate) 10,000–40,000 regular members and 50,000–100,000 militia members (2010 estimate) 6,500–9,500 insurgents (2013 estimate)
Casualties and losses
Since 1997: 2,277–3,440 killed Since 1997: 3,402–4,041 killed

What are the main causes of Naxalism?

Forest mismanagement was one of the main causes of the spread of Naxalism. It originated during the time of British administration when new laws were passed to ensure the monopolisation of the forest resources. Following the globalisation in the 1990s, the situation worsened when the government increased the exploitation of the forest resources.

What is the history of Naxalism in India?

Naxalism as an alarming issue took roots in India in from the early 1960s. It began as a movement to oppose the ‘Zamindari System’. The roots of Naxalism started deepening with the incident that happened on 24th May 1967 where a landlord was attacked and a peasant riot emerged which sparked the flame of the massive fire.

Is Naxalism still a threat to India’s National Security?

Both the states and Central government, through a series of measures, had significantly improved their presence in the Naxal-infested regions. Currently, these militant groups are only operating in a few isolated regions. However, they still pose a substantial threat to India’s national security. What is Naxalism?

Who are the Naxals and what do they want?

Naxals are a group of people who believe that overthrowing the existing political system is the only way to eradicate the social and economic discrimination in the society. The peasants in that region were basically tribals by origin, and depended on forest produce for their living.