What causes swelling of the upper extremities?

What causes swelling of the upper extremities?

Swelling of the extremity results when a physiologic imbalance occurs between fluid pressure, oncotic pressure, capillary permeability, or lymphatic obstruction.

What is differential diagnosis of swelling?

Conclusions The common differential diagnosis in Western patients with lower limb swelling is secondary lymphedema, venous disease, lipedema, and adverse reaction to ipsilateral limb surgery. Lymphedema can be confirmed by a lymphoscintigram, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, or ultrasound.

What can cause your arm to swell?

Causes of Swelling in the Arms and Legs

  • Blood clots that can travel to your heart, lungs, or brain.
  • Heart disease and heart failure.
  • Infection.
  • Kidney damage or disease.
  • Liver disease.
  • Lymphedema.
  • Severe allergic reactions.
  • Venous disease.

Is dependent edema pitting or Nonpitting?

With dependent edema, pressing on the affected area can create dents. This characteristic is called pitting. If pressing on your skin doesn’t leave a pit or dent, you may have a different type of edema.

What are the upper extremities?

The part of the body that includes the arm, wrist, and hand.

What triggers Erythromelalgia?

Erythromelalgia is a condition characterized by episodes of pain, redness, and swelling in various parts of the body, particularly the hands and feet. These episodes are usually triggered by increased body temperature, which may be caused by exercise or entering a warm room.

How can you tell the difference between edema and lymphedema?

Edema is usually caused by excess tissue fluid that had not yet returned to the circulatory system. Lymphedema is swelling caused by excess protein-rich lymph trapped within the tissues.

How is edema diagnosed?

How is edema diagnosed? Your doctor can tell whether you have edema by examining you. The skin over the swollen area may be stretched and shiny. Pushing gently on the swollen area for about 15 seconds will leave a dimple.

How do I reduce swelling in my upper arm?


  1. Rest. Take a break from your normal activities.
  2. Ice. Place an ice pack or bag of frozen peas on the sore area for 15 to 20 minutes three times a day.
  3. Compression. Use a compression bandage to reduce swelling.
  4. Elevation. If possible, elevate your arm to help reduce swelling.

Why is one upper arm fatter than the other?

One of the biggest reasons why one arm might be larger than the other is related to your dominant side. When they are lifting weights, almost everybody is going to develop a weaker side and a stronger side, with the weak arm generally being on the left side for most people.

What is brawny edema?

Brawny Edema A change typical of chronic venous insufficiency, characterized by: thickening, induration, lipodermatosclerosis and non-pitting edema stopping above the ankle. the brawny color is due to hemosiderin from lysed red blood cells (RBCs) with chronic ischemia.

What is Nonpitting edema?

Non-pitting edema occurs when excess fluid builds up in the body causing swelling that does not indent when pressure is applied. It usually occurs in the limbs, and often results from underlying medical conditions affecting lymphatic system function.

What causes bilateral swelling?

– Bilateral pitting oedema of both hands – Sudden onset of polyarthritis (A few cases report patients being able to state the time to the hour at which this occurred. 1) – Age >50 years – Absence of rheumatoid factor (seronegativity).

What causes lower extremity edema?

Lower extremity edema is the accumulation of fluid in the lower legs, which may or may not include the feet (pedal edema). It is typically caused by one of three mechanisms. The first is venous edema caused by increased capillary permeability, resulting in a fluid shift from the veins to the interstitial space.

What are the causes of unilateral upper limb edema?

Deep Vein Thrombosis. A deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in one of the deep veins of the arms.

  • SVC Syndrome. SVC syndrome is the abbreviation for superior vena cava syndrome.
  • Lymphatic Obstruction. The lymphatic system drains fluid from the tissues and returns it to the venous system.
  • Reflex Symphathetic Dystrophy.
  • What are the different causes of bilateral leg edema? › health-answers › bilateral-leg What Are The Different Causes Of Bilateral Leg Edema? Swelling in both the legs can occur after sitting for long time in one place. Many people complain of swelling in legs… Venous insufficiency can also cause swelling in both legs. Veins in legs