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Which is the first sponge iron plant in India?

OSIL is the first sponge iron plant in Asia, established in 1982.

Which is the first sponge iron plant in India?

OSIL is the first sponge iron plant in Asia, established in 1982.

Who is the largest producer of sponge iron?

India
(iii) Sponge Iron: India, world’s largest producer of sponge iron (2018), has a host of coal based units located in the mineral-rich states of the country. Over the years, the coal based route has emerged as a key contributor and accounted for 79% of total sponge iron production in the country.

How many sponge iron plants are there in India?

There were 23 plants in 2000-2001, with a production capacity of 6.97 million tonnes (mt), today there are 206 sponge iron plants in the country with a capacity of a staggering 19 mt.

Which is the largest sponge iron producer in India?

AHMEDABAD: Gujarat has overtaken Chhattisgarh as the largest producer of sponge iron in the country.

Which country is the second largest producer of sponge iron?

India, Iran, and Russia were the largest producers of sponge iron in 2018. Global production of sponge iron was about 100 million tonnes in 2018.

Which country is the largest producer of sponge iron in the world in 2020?

The production volume of sponge iron in India accounted for more than 33 million metric tons at the end of 2020. This volume was reduced comparing to the previous year, mainly due to the impact of coronavirus pandemic. Since 2003, India was the world’s largest producer of sponge iron.

How many types of sponge iron are there?

Sponge Iron / DRI Direct reduction processes can be divided roughly into two categories: gas-based, and coal-based.

What is sponge iron factory?

We are the leading manufacturer of Direct-reduced iron (DRI), also called sponge iron, which is produced from direct reduction of iron ore (in the form of lumps, pellets or fines) by a reducing gas produced from natural gas or coal.

Which country has the most iron?

Australia
International context

Ranking Country Percentage of total
1 Australia 37.6%
2 Brazil 16.7%
3 China 14.2%
4 India 9.6%

What is sponge iron Class 10?

Sponge iron is a metallic product produced through direct reduction of iron ore in the solid state. It is a substitute for scrap and is mainly used in making steel through the secondary route. The process of sponge iron making aims to remove the oxygen from iron ore.

Why the sponge iron name came?

WHY IS IT CALLED SPONGE IRON? Iron oxide ores taken out from the Earth are allowed to absorb carbon by a reduction process. In this natural reduction, as the iron ore is warmed up with carbon, it results in a surface with hole marks, hence the name “Sponge Iron”.

How is sponge iron made in India?

Since 2002, India has been the largest producer of sponge iron, also called direct reduced iron (DRI), in the world. Today about 20 per cent of the sponge iron produced worldwide is made in India (1). Most of it is produced primarily through the coal based method of production. In Orissa only, there are about 108 sponge iron plants (2).

Which district has maximum number of sponge iron plants in Orissa?

Out of the total 107 number of sponge iron plants located in Orissa, sundergarh district has maximum number (47) followed by Keonjhar (20), Jharsuguda (13), sambalpur (10), Jajpur (5), Dhenkanal (4), Cuttack (4), Angul (3) and Mayurbhanja (1).

Which is the largest steel plant in India with 500 TPD capacity?

The TATA sponge iron plant at Beleipada, Keonjhar and Arati steel located at Ghantikhal, Cuttack are the plants having 500 TPD kiln capacity. HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc…)