What was Romania called in medieval times?

What was Romania called in medieval times?

Romania was divided into four historical and cultural provinces: Transylvania in the north-west and center, Moldavia in the east, Walachia (Oltenia and Muntenia) and Dobrogea in the south-east. The foundation of Moldavia dates from the first half of the 14th century.

What is Transylvania famous for?

Transylvania is known for the scenery of its Carpathian landscape and its rich history. It also contains the nation’s fourth largest city, Cluj-Napoca, as well as other cities and towns such as Brașov, Sibiu, Târgu Mureș, Alba Iulia, and Sighișoara.

Did Romania have Counts?

The heads of the Transylvanian counties or “counts” were subordinated to a special royal official called voivode, but the province was seldom treated as a single unit, since the Székely and Saxon seats were administered separately.

Was Transylvania part of Hungary?

Transylvania had been part of the Hungarian Kingdom since the 10th century, and it remained under Hungarian rule even after Hungary was defeated by the Turks in 1526 at Mohacs.

Was Romania part of Ottoman Empire?

Romania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), in which the Ottomans fought against the Russian empire. In the 1878 Treaty of Berlin, Romania was officially recognized as an independent state by the Great Powers.

What was Romania called before the Roman Empire?

1856 – Russian control over Moldavia and Wallachia ends with Moscow’s defeat in the Crimean War. 1859 – Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza is proclaimed prince of both Moldavia and Wallachia, which unite as Romania in 1862.

Has Romania ever been invaded?

During antiquity, the territory of modern Romania was the scene of sporadic wars between the native Dacian tribes and various invaders (Persians, Macedonians, Celts or Romans). Ultimately, the Dacian armies were defeated by the Roman Empire in 106 and a small part of its territory became a Roman province.

What did Romania do turkey?

Despite its inferiority on paper, the Romanian Navy destroyed many Turkish river gunboats. According to the Russian-Romanian treaty signed in April that year, the Romanian spar torpedo boat Rândunica served under joint Romanian-Russian command. She was also known as Tsarevich by the Russians.