What is isuprel used for?

What is isuprel used for?

Isuprel (isoproterenol hydrochloride) is a bronchodilator used as an inhaler to treat conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. In rare cases, Isuprel is given as an injection as a treatment for electrical heart block. Isuprel is available in generic form.

Is metaproterenol a catecholamine?

Metaproterenol was the first synthetic noncatecholamine bronchodilator introduced into clinical practice in the United States.

What are the adverse effects of isoproterenol?

The following reactions to isoproterenol hydrochloride injection have been reported:

  • CNS: Nervousness, headache, dizziness, nausea, visual blurring.
  • Cardiovascular: Tachycardia, palpitations, angina, Adams-Stokes attacks, pulmonary edema, hypertension, hypotension, ventricular arrhythmias, tachyarrhythmias.

Can Alupent cause tachycardia?

This was reported in 6.8% of patients. Less frequent adverse experiences, occurring in 1-4% of patients were headache, dizziness, palpitations, gastrointestinal distress, tremor, throat irritation, nausea, vomiting, cough and asthma exacerbation. Tachycardia occurred in less than 1% of patients.

How do you mix isuprel?

dilute 1 mL of 1:5000 (0.2 mg/mL) to a volume of 10 mL with dextrose 5% or sodium chloride 0.9% ((final concentration of 20 mcg/mL)

How is metaproterenol given?

Metaproterenol comes as tablets and syrup to take by mouth and as a solution to inhale by mouth. It usually is used by oral inhalation every 4 hours to relieve symptoms or 3 to 4 times a day to prevent symptoms or by mouth three or four times a day.

Is metaproterenol a bronchodilator?

Metaproterenol belongs to the family of medicines known as adrenergic bronchodilators. Adrenergic bronchodilators are medicines that open up the bronchial tubes (air passages) in the lungs.

Why is isoproterenol not used?

Absolute Contraindications Cardiovascular disease: Isoproterenol causes an increase in myocardial oxygen demand. Diabetes: May cause an increase in blood glucose levels. Distributive shock: Beta-2 agonism will further decrease total peripheral resistance. Hyperthyroidism: May induce thyroid storm.

Is isoproterenol still used?

Consequently, isoproterenol has been used to treat heart block, cardiac arrest, asthma, and bronchospasm. The therapeutic use of isoproterenol has been replaced to a great extent by drugs that have greater selectivity for individual beta adrenoceptor subtypes Hoffman (2001).

What type of drug is Alupent?

Metaproterenol belongs to a class of drugs known as bronchodilators. It works by relaxing the muscles around the airways so that they open up and you can breathe more easily. This drug is also known as orciprenaline in other countries.