What is chloramphenicol used to treat?
What is chloramphenicol used to treat?
Chloramphenicol is used in the treatment of infections caused by bacteria. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth.
What class of medication is chloramphenicol?
Chloramphenicol injection is used to treat certain types of serious infections caused by bacteria when other antibiotics cannot be used. Chloramphenicol injection is in a class of medications called antibiotics. It works by stopping the growth of bacteria..
What is antibiotic classification?
Antibiotics can be divided into two classes based on their mechanism of action. Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria; bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit their growth or reproduction. One way that bactericidal antibodies kill bacteria is by inhibiting cell wall synthesis.
What are the indications of chloramphenicol?
Indications for: Chloramphenicol Inj Serious susceptible infections resistant to other antibiotics. Typhoid fever. Cystic fibrosis regimens.
Can chloramphenicol treat staphylococcus?
Chloramphenicol is effective against S. typhi, H. influenzae, E. coli, Neisseria species, Staphylococcus and Streptococcus species, Rickettsia, and lymphogranuloma-psittacosis group of organisms.
Is chloramphenicol used for UTI?
Chloramphenicol appears to be a useful drug for UTI since it has not been used for many years, and a large number of organisms are sensitive to this drug at present.
Is chloramphenicol broad-spectrum antibiotics?
Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic whose spectrum includes several gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, spirochetes, and Rickettsiae.
Is gentamicin a broad-spectrum antibiotic?
GENTAMICIN, A NEW BROAD-SPECTRUM ANTIBIOTIC COMPLEX Antimicrob Agents Chemother (Bethesda).
What is antibiotics Slideshare?
What is an antibiotic? “Antibiotic” is from antibiosis, meaning against life. Substances derived from a microorganism or produced synthetically (Sulfonamides & Quinolones) to kill or suppress the growth of other microorganisms.
What are the 2 types of antibiotics?
The main types of antibiotics include:
- Penicillins – for example, phenoxymethylpenicillin, flucloxacillin and amoxicillin.
- Cephalosporins – for example, cefaclor, cefadroxil and cefalexin.
- Tetracyclines – for example, tetracycline, doxycycline and lymecycline.
- Aminoglycosides – for example, gentamicin and tobramycin.
Can chloramphenicol treat Staphylococcus?
Why is chloramphenicol a broad spectrum antibiotic?
Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that interferes with mitochondrial protein synthesis and is active against a variety of organisms including salmonelloses not responsive to ampicillin. Important other applications of chloramphenicol are in the treatment of penicillin-allergic or penicillin-resistant patients with bacterial
What is the most toxic reaction to chloramphenicol?
– abdominal distension with or without emesis; – progressive pallid cyanosis; – vasomotor collapse, frequently accompanied by irregular respiration; – death within a few hours of onset of these symptoms.
What type of antimicrobial agent is chloramphenicol?
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic and is in the class of antimicrobials that inhibits protein synthesis. This activity outlines the indications, action, and contraindications for Chloramphenicol as a valuable agent in the treatment of superficial eye infections, otitis externa, Typhoid fever, and other severe life-threatening conditions, especially those caused by Haemophilus influenza.
Is chloramphenicol harmful to humans?
Very bad and sometimes deadly blood problems have happened with chloramphenicol. This may cause more chance of getting an infection, bleeding problems, or slow healing. Aplastic anemia that happened with chloramphenicol has led to a certain kind of cancer (leukemia). Blood problems have happened after both short-term use and long-term use.