What is an inguinal hernia?

What is an inguinal hernia?

Inguinal hernia. A hernia is a common condition that occurs when part of an internal organ or tissue bulges through a muscle. Hernias can occur around the belly button, through a surgical scar, in the diaphragm, or in the groin (the area between the abdomen and the thigh on both sides of the body).

What are the different types of inguinal hernia repair?

There are 3 types of inguinal hernia repair: Open hernia repair: A surgical procedure in which an incision, or cut, is made in the groin. The surgeon then pushes the hernia back into the abdomen and strengthens the abdominal wall with mesh and stitches.

What is the pathophysiology of a hernia?

A hernia is a common condition in which part of an internal organ or tissue bulges through a muscle. An inguinal hernia occurs when the intestines or fat from the abdomen bulge through the lower abdominal wall into the inguinal, or groin, area. Symptoms and treatments are described in this article.

What causes inguinal hernia in newborns and children?

Inguinal hernias in newborns and children result from a weakness in the abdominal wall that’s present at birth. Sometimes the hernia will be visible only when an infant is crying, coughing or straining during a bowel movement. He or she might be irritable and have less appetite than usual.

An inguinal hernia happens when contents of the abdomen—usually fat or part of the small intestine—bulge through a weak area in the lower abdominal wall. The abdomen is the area between the chest and the hips. The area of the lower abdominal wall is also called the inguinal or groin region. Two types of inguinal hernias are.

Is open repair of inguinal hernia best in resource-scarce countries?

Due to the low cost of anesthetics, same long-term comfort of patients it is recommended that open repair would be best in resource-scarce countries. Thirty-five trials consisted of a total of 7,777 patients with inguinal hernia. The chronic pain and TRRDA were less in the LIHR group than the OIHR group.

What is the endoloop technique for the primary closure of inguinal hernia defect?

The Endoloop technique for the primary closure of direct inguinal hernia defect during the endoscopic totally extraperitoneal approach. Berney CR. Hernia. 2012 Jun; 16(3):301-5. Epub 2011 Nov 27. Does primary closure of direct inguinal hernia defect during laparoscopic mesh repair reduce the risk of early recurrence? [Hernia. 2020]

Is Lichtenstein approach inferior to laparoscopic approach for inguinal hernia?

The Lichtenstein approach was inferior to the laparoscopic approach. 302 adult patients with inguinal hernia. To compare postoperative outcomes in Open and Laparoscopic approaches. After a mean follow-up of 40.95 months, both groups had a similar recurrence rate.