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What are the main problems in fuel cell technology?

What are the main problems in fuel cell technology?

Cost and durability are the major challenges to fuel cell commercialization. However, hurdles vary according to the application in which the technology is employed. Size, weight, and thermal and water management are barriers to the commercialization of fuel cell technology.

What is one major disadvantage of fuel cell?

Expensive to manufacture due the high cost of catalysts (platinum) Lack of infrastructure to support the distribution of hydrogen. A lot of the currently available fuel cell technology is in the prototype stage and not yet validated.

What are the limitations of fuel cells?

In respect to fuel cell itself, there are four (4) limitations; cost, durability, size and weight, thermal and water management, whereas in hydrogen handling there are there (3); hydrogen production, hydrogen delivery and hydrogen storage.

Do fuel cells operate continuously?

Fuel cells can produce electricity continuously for as long as fuel and oxygen are supplied. The first fuel cells were invented by Sir William Grove in 1838.

What are the two most significant challenges for fuel cells?

Reducing cost and improving durability are the two most significant challenges to fuel cell commercialization. Fuel cell systems must be cost-competitive with, and perform as well or better than, traditional power technologies over the life of the system.

What are the two main problems with hydrogen fuel?

The two prime dangers from fuel cell and hydrogen-powered vehicles are the danger of electrical shock and the flammability of the fuel. Fuel cells power vehicles by electro-chemically combining hydrogen gas (H2) and oxygen (O2) from the surrounding air into water (H20) and electrical energy.

Do fuel cells degrade over time?

A container for hydrogen and a fuel cell, on the other hand, do not degrade over time. Furthermore, once batteries are fully charged, they continuously “leak” energy when not in use, while a container of hydrogen does not leak and has a longer shelf-life.

Which of the following is incorrect for fuel cells?

Which of the following is not an example of a fuel cell? Explanation: Hydrogen-oxygen cell, methyl-oxygen-alcohol cell and propane-oxygen cell are some of the examples of fuel cells. Hexanone-oxygen cell is not an example of a fuel cell.

Do fuel cells require maintenance?

Fuel cells have no moving parts, which makes them potentially much more reliable than combustion engines and wind turbines (and significantly quieter in operation). Stationary fuel cells, in particular, need very little maintenance (with servicing required once every one to three years).

Why are hydrogen fuel cells not used in cars?

One of the arguments that’s sometimes made against hydrogen vehicles is that they’re less efficient than EVs. Because hydrogen doesn’t occur naturally, it has to be extracted, then compressed in fuel tanks. It then has to mix with oxygen in a fuel cell stack to create electricity to power the car’s motors.

Why do we not use hydrogen as a fuel?

Why aren’t we all driving them? There’s virtually no pure hydrogen on Earth because it’s so reactive. Most hydrogen is made from methane [natural gas] in a process that produces carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Hydrogen can also be made from water using electrolysis, but that requires electrical energy.

Are fuel cells right for your application?

Fuel cells seem to be best suited to applications where significantly more energy storage is required than at present in portable devices (>20 Wh).

Can small fuel cells replace batteries in portable equipment?

The prospect of small fuel cells replacing batteries in portable equipment is considered in terms of their prospective energy density, technological feasibility, safety and cost. Fuel cells seem to be best suited to applications where significantly more energy storage is required than at present in portable devices (>20 Wh).

What are fuel cell generators used for?

The first is the market of portable power generators designed for light outdoor personal uses (e.g. camping and climbing), light commercial applications such as portable signage and surveillance, and power required for emergency relief efforts [7] In fact, fuel cells can provide electrical power in places where the grid connection is not available.

What are hydrogen and fuel cells used for?

Hydrogen and fuel cells can be used in a broad range of applications. These range from powering buildings, cars, trucks, to portable electronic devices and backup power systems.