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What are the five indications of splenectomy?

What are the five indications of splenectomy?

Your doctor may recommend splenectomy if you have one of the following:

  • Ruptured spleen. If your spleen ruptures due to a severe abdominal injury or because of an enlarged spleen (splenomegaly), the result may be life-threatening, internal bleeding.
  • Enlarged spleen.
  • Blood disorder.
  • Cancer.
  • Infection.
  • Cyst or tumor.

What is the most common indication for splenectomy?

Splenomegaly (see the image below) is observed in conditions such as idiopathic (immune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), and hereditary spherocytosis. Of these, ITP is the most common indication for elective splenectomy.

How do you prepare for a splenectomy?

Before your splenectomy procedure, your doctor may do the following:

  1. Physical exam.
  2. Blood and urine tests.
  3. Review of your current medications.
  4. ECG.
  5. Other tests to evaluate the cause of the spleen enlargement.
  6. Studies to determine rate of destruction of red blood cells and/or platelets.

What are the complications of splenectomy?

Splenectomy Complications

  • Blood clot in the vein that carries blood to the liver.
  • Hernia at the incision site.
  • Infection at the incision site.
  • Inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Lung collapse.
  • Injury to the pancreas, stomach, and colon.

What are the four main functions of the spleen?

Function

  • Stores blood.
  • Filters blood by removing cellular waste and getting rid of old or damaged blood cells.
  • Makes white blood cells and antibodies that help you fight infection.
  • Maintains the levels of fluid in your body.
  • Produces antibodies that protect you against infection.

Why would you need a splenectomy?

Removing your spleen is a major surgery and leaves you with a compromised immune system. For these reasons, it’s only performed when truly necessary. The benefits of a splenectomy are that it can resolve several health issues such as blood diseases, cancer, and infection that could not be treated any other way.

What is the most common complication of splenectomy?

Infections, particularly pulmonary and abdominal sepsis, constitute the majority of the complications. The mortality rate from postoperative sepsis is substantial. Atelectasis, pancreatitis/fistula, pulmonary embolism and bleeding at the operative site are also relatively common occurrences following splenic removal.

Why a patient would need a splenectomy after a diagnosis of ITP?

Why remove the spleen? In people with ITP the immune system treats platelets as foreign and destroys them. The spleen is responsible for removing these damaged platelets and therefore removal of the spleen can help to keep more platelets circulating in the body.

What is elective splenectomy?

Summary. An elective splenectomy is usually recommended for certain problems with your blood and to remove the life-threatening risk of your spleen rupturing.

What is the body function of the spleen?

The spleen has some important functions: it fights invading germs in the blood (the spleen contains infection-fighting white blood cells) it controls the level of blood cells (white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets) it filters the blood and removes any old or damaged red blood cells.

What is the most important role of the spleen?

Your spleen’s main function is to act as a filter for your blood. It recognizes and removes old, malformed, or damaged red blood cells. When blood flows into your spleen, your spleen performs “quality control”; your red blood cells must pass through a maze of narrow passages.

Which of following is not a function of the spleen?

Answer and Explanation: The spleen does not (b) produce new erythrocytes in adults. Erythrocytes are produced by bone marrow cells. The process by which red blood cells are…